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Why a Developing Country Needs its Exports


Exports play a major role in a country’s economy. They influence economic growth, employment, as well as the balance of payments. They serve various purposes, depending on the kind of country involved.

The idea of exporting may seem simple and straightforward, but exporting has a different approach for a developing country.

What makes exports significant to a developing country and its economy?

Products don’t go to waste

Compared to industrial countries, developing countries aren’t as productive. Still, they produce goods and services that they can’t use or consume at their home country, i.e. production surplus. This “extra” production prompts them to check out foreign opportunities so they can sell these excess goods and services.

Latin America, for example, produces more coffee than they could consume. They would then end up exporting these products so they could earn while preventing those products from going to waste.

Through exporting, companies have also been able to sell their goods and services outside the country for prices higher than what they get domestically.

It contributes to their economic growth

Exports are involved in the aggregate demand. This demand will be increased by rising imports, leading to higher economic growth. Higher exports can also affect related service industries. Similarly, an export decrease can have a negative impact on the UK’s economy.

Exporting would also help these developing countries grow their domestic economies by making them earn foreign currency that they can use to buy the imports they need – products that they can’t mine, make, or grow at home.

It leads to more employment opportunities

Exporting leads to more – and better – employment opportunities. This is because economic sectors are being boosted, leading to the creation of stable jobs. The jobs can in turn lead to higher incomes that can improve households.

For example, when car exports grow, then jobs in car industries will also increase. Most of these jobs come from the manufacturing industries – evident in the industrial regions.

It leads to better foreign relations

Developing nations are often subjected to international threats. When these developing countries establish strategic free trade relations with other powerful countries, then they will somehow be assured of additional protection from those threats.

Trading among countries strengthen ties among nations. It brings people together in exchanges that are both peaceful and beneficial. This then leads to harmony and stability.

It gives citizens a better quality of life

Exporting can give a nation’s citizens better quality of life. It helps boost development and even reduce poverty. What it exactly does is to generate growth through commercial opportunities as well as allow chances for foreign investment. It can also widen the productive base made possible by private sector development.

More sources are made available for goods and services; competition is further strengthened. Prices get lower, consumers get more options. At the end of the day, the consumers benefit more from these changes.

Even if a country is still be in its developing stage, that doesn’t mean it can’t get into exporting. With the help of reliable export consultancy services, a business from a developing country can also export its products. By doing so, citizens will get to experience the benefits exporting can bring.

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